What Is Outstanding Expense?

juliet d'cruz

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What Is Outstanding Expense

Are you curious to know what is outstanding expense? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about outstanding expense in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is outstanding expense?

In the realm of accounting and financial management, outstanding expenses play a crucial role in accurately representing a company’s financial position. An outstanding expense refers to an expense that has been incurred but not yet paid or recorded in the financial statements. In this blog, we will delve into the concept of outstanding expenses, their implications for businesses, and how they are accounted for in financial statements.

What Is Outstanding Expense?

Outstanding expenses, also known as accrued expenses or accrued liabilities, are expenses that have been incurred during an accounting period but have not been settled or paid as of the end of that period. These expenses represent obligations or liabilities that a company owes to its suppliers, vendors, or service providers.

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Examples Of Outstanding Expenses:

  1. Salaries and Wages: If a company’s payroll cycle falls at the end of a month, employees’ salaries or wages earned during that month may not be paid until the following month. These unpaid salaries or wages are considered outstanding expenses until they are settled.
  2. Rent: In some cases, companies may pay rent in advance for a specified period. If the accounting period ends before the pre-paid rent is fully utilized, the remaining portion is considered an outstanding expense.
  3. Utilities: Utility bills, such as electricity, water, or gas, are often billed monthly or quarterly. If the billing period extends beyond the accounting period, the portion of the utility bill incurred but not yet paid is treated as an outstanding expense.
  4. Interest: Companies that have borrowed funds or have outstanding loans may accrue interest expenses during an accounting period. The interest accrued but not yet paid is recognized as an outstanding expense.

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Implications For Financial Statements:

Outstanding expenses have a significant impact on a company’s financial statements, particularly the income statement and balance sheet.

  1. Income Statement: Outstanding expenses are recognized as expenses in the income statement, even though they have not been paid. By including these expenses, the income statement accurately reflects the true cost of operations and helps provide a more realistic picture of the company’s profitability for the accounting period.
  2. Balance Sheet: Outstanding expenses are recorded as liabilities in the balance sheet. They represent the company’s obligations or debts that need to be settled in the future. These liabilities are typically classified as current liabilities since they are expected to be paid within a short period, usually within one year.

Accounting Treatment For Outstanding Expenses:

To account for outstanding expenses, the following steps are typically followed:

  1. Recognition: The outstanding expense is recognized by debiting the respective expense account and crediting the outstanding expense or accrued liability account.
  2. Adjustments: At the end of each accounting period, adjustments are made to update the outstanding expense amount based on the actual liability owed. This ensures that the financial statements reflect the accurate liability at the end of the period.
  3. Settlement: When the outstanding expense is eventually settled, the liability is reduced by debiting the outstanding expense account and crediting the cash or bank account.


Outstanding expenses represent financial obligations that a company has incurred but not yet settled. They play a crucial role in accurately representing a company’s financial position and are essential for providing a comprehensive view of its financial health. By recognizing outstanding expenses in the income statement and balance sheet, businesses ensure that their financial statements reflect the true cost of operations and liabilities. Understanding the concept of outstanding expenses and their accounting treatment allows businesses to maintain accurate financial records and make informed decisions based on a holistic view of their financial position.


What Is Outstanding Expense Class 11?

Outstanding expenses are those expenses that are incurred during the course of an accounting period but are due for payment or the payment for those expenses have not been made.

Where Is Outstanding Expenses?

The outstanding expense is a personal account with a credit balance and is treated as a liability for the business. It is recorded on the liability side of the balance sheet of a business.

Is Outstanding Expense An Asset Or Liability?

Outstanding expenses are considered as a liability for the business entity as there is an obligation to pay the amount.

Is Outstanding Expenses Current Liability?

Trade creditors, Bills payable, outstanding expenses are the examples of current liabilities.


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