What Is Fictitious Asset?

juliet d'cruz

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What Is Fictitious Asset

Are you curious to know what is fictitious asset? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about fictitious asset in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is fictitious asset?

In the complex world of accounting, the balance sheet serves as a financial snapshot of a company’s assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity. Among the various entries that populate this financial statement, one term that often raises eyebrows is “fictitious asset.” Unlike tangible assets like buildings and machinery or intangible assets like patents and trademarks, fictitious assets seem to elude the traditional understanding of what constitutes a valuable asset. In this blog, we will unravel the mystery behind the enigmatic fictitious asset, exploring its definition, characteristics, and the role it plays in the financial landscape.

What Is Fictitious Asset?

Fictitious asset, also known as artificial asset or deferred revenue expenditure, is an accounting entry recorded on a company’s balance sheet. It represents certain expenditures incurred by the company that do not have a physical or tangible presence. These expenses are not ordinary operating expenses but are considered as assets because their benefits extend beyond the current accounting period.

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Characteristics Of Fictitious Asset:

  1. Intangible Nature: Unlike tangible assets such as buildings or equipment, fictitious assets lack physical substance. They represent abstract benefits or rights that the company holds.
  2. Future Benefits: Fictitious assets are not immediately expensed in the income statement but are capitalized and spread over multiple accounting periods. This is because they provide benefits to the company beyond the current year.
  3. Deferred Expenses: Fictitious assets are essentially deferred expenses. They represent costs that have already been incurred but are not recognized as an immediate expense on the income statement.

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Examples Of Fictitious Assets:

  1. Preliminary Expenses: Expenses incurred during the setup or incorporation of a company, such as legal fees, registration charges, and promotion expenses, are treated as fictitious assets.
  2. Discount on Issue of Shares: If a company issues shares at a discount, the amount of the discount is treated as a fictitious asset. It is amortized over a specified period.
  3. Loss on Issue of Debentures: When a company issues debentures at a premium or discount, the amount of the premium or discount is treated as a fictitious asset and is amortized over time.
  4. Deferred Revenue Expenditure: Certain expenses, such as heavy advertisement costs for a product launch or research and development expenses, may be treated as fictitious assets when they are expected to generate benefits over multiple periods.

Importance Of Fictitious Asset:

While fictitious assets may not have the tangible value of physical assets, they play a crucial role in financial reporting and analysis. By treating certain expenses as assets, companies can spread the impact of those expenses over multiple accounting periods, providing a more accurate picture of their financial performance and profitability. This treatment aligns with the matching principle of accounting, which aims to match expenses with the revenues they generate.


Fictitious assets may seem elusive at first glance, but they are an essential part of the accounting framework that ensures accurate and transparent financial reporting. By recognizing certain expenses as assets and spreading their impact over time, companies can present a more comprehensive view of their financial health. Understanding the concept of fictitious assets helps investors, analysts, and stakeholders make informed decisions about a company’s financial position and performance. As the world of accounting evolves, fictitious assets will continue to play a critical role in accurately portraying the economic realities of businesses in an ever-changing financial landscape.


What Are Fictitious Assets With Examples?

Some examples of fictitious assets are:

  • Promotional Expenses.
  • Preliminary Expenses.
  • Discount on issue of shares.
  • Discount/Loss on issue of debentures.

What Is An Example Of Fictitious?

Example Sentences

The characters in the book are all fictitious. She gave a fictitious address on the application.

What Is Intangible And Fictitious Assets Example?

Intangible Assets – Trademarks, Patents, Know-how, etc. Fictitious Assets – Goodwill, it is a compensation paid for the reputation established by a business.

What Is The Difference Between Real And Fictitious Asset?

The Fictitious word, itself says “fake”. So Fictitious Assets are not an asset in the true sense but this is a huge amount of expenses or losses which are unclaimed in the profit/loss account during the year in which they are incurred. These are also known as a huge amount of unclaimed expenditures.

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